Under USC 1101(a)(48)(A), a conviction with immigration repercussions is any formal judgment of the alien entered by a court. A conviction can also occur when adjudication has been withheld where:
Essentially, if you have been found guilty, have plead guilty, have plead nolo contendere or have admitted to enough facts in a case to warrant a finding of guilt, you will be considered to have a conviction. It is important to remember that Deferred Adjudication’s count as a conviction for immigration purposes. However, Pre-Trial Diversions do NOT count as convictions for immigration purposes.
Criminal Inadmissibility Grounds
Certain crimes may prevent a noncitizen from being able to obtain lawful admission status in the United States. Certain crimes may also prevent a noncitizen who already has lawful admission status from being able to return to the United States from a future trip abroad.
Some of the crimes that will effect admissibility into the United States include, but is not limited to:
Criminal Bars on Obtaining United States Citizenship
Certain crimes will prevent a Lawful Permanent Resident from being able to obtain full United States Citizenship. A conviction or admission to the following crimes, amongst others, bars the finding of good moral character required for citizenship for up to 5 years:
Common Misconceptions Involving Criminal Immigration Offenses
Things to Try and Avoid Criminally for Immigration Purposes
There are certain convictions and punishments that are important to try and avoid if possible as to not jeopardize your immigration status. This list includes, but is not limited to the following:
Criminal Immigration Case Results